Dr. Javier Lázaro TapiaIMPRS Alumni
Research Group Dechmann
causes and consequences of seasonal changes in brain size in the
The study of intra-specific variation in brain size and structure, together with ontogenic and plastic changes, can help us to better understand the mechanisms beneath the evolution of the central nervous system, responsible for complex behavior and cognition in vertebrates. A remarkable case of intra-specific brain variation is the so called Dehnel effect, mainly described in Sorex shrews. These animals undergo a reduction in brain size during autumn, with a minimum size in winter which means a decrease of around 20%; this is followed by a partial re-growth in spring. Furthermore, different brain regions change differently along the year, which suggests a structural change rather than a simple proportional size reduction. The reasons for and the implications of these changes on the behavior and general biology of these small mammals along their life cycle remain unknown.
In my Phd I aim to investigate this phenomenon from a multi-disciplinary approach, including morphology, neurology, and behavior. Our model species is the common shrew Sorex araneus. One of our main aims is to describe the changes at the individual level. We analyze x-ray images of recaptured wild shrews to monitor the changes in braincase. This method allows us to provide evidence of changes at the individual level, so the process is not confounded to average changes at the population level. Another approach intends to investigate the seasonal changes in brain size, that is, the possible changes in the nervous tissue at a microscopic level. We use histological methods to study brain micro-architecture, including density cell numbers and structure of individual neurons. A change in these features could have implications in neural connectivity, and thus will allow predicting changes/limitations in behavior as a consequence of the change in brain size. Therefore, the last approach aims to study the effect of seasonal brain changes on behavior. This includes cognitive abilities, which we quantify with using maze-like cognitive tests.
In addition, in order to study the possible geographic variation of the Dehnel effect we catch animals from two different, distant populations. Here, we place our traps in the fields and woodlands surrounding our Institute in Möggingen (MPIO Radolfzell); the second trapping site is located in the depths of the Biebrza National Park (Poland), where we use a field station in Gugny (University of Białystok).
- Aug 2013 - Mar 2018 Phd student at Max-Planck Institute for Ornithology in Radolfzell
- May – Jun 2012 Field assistant. Ecology and parasitoloy in great tits in Gotland, Sweden. Museum and Institute of Zoology PAS, Poland
- Aug 2011- Mar 2012 Field and laboratory assistant. Ecophysiology of the root vole. Mammal Research Institute PAS, Poland
- Apr – Aug 2011 Field technician. Road ecology of small mammals. Doñana Biological Station (CSIC), Spain
- 2009-2010 MSc in Biodiversity and Conservation Biology. Doñana Biological Station (CSIC) & Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Spain Thesis: “Are there morphological differences among the lesser white-toothed shrews (Crocidura suaveolens) of the Iberian Peninsula? A geometric morphometric approach”
- 2008-2009 Exchange student, specialization in Alpine Ecology. Telemark University, Norway Degree thesis: Quality of weight and body measurements as predictors of age in live Eurasian beavers Castor fiber
- 2004-2009 Licenciatura in Biology. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain